In Thailand, labour welfare is considered as a major concern where employers are required to provide the sufficiently comfortable, clean, and safe working conditions to all employees.
To ensure that the employee is entitled to benefit from safe working conditions, the Minister of Labour issue Ministerial Regulations Concerning the Provision of Labour Welfare in Workplace B.E.2548 (2005) which requires employers to provide the following welfare to their employees:
(1) For every 40 employees, the employer should provide one clean drinking water station
(2) Clean restrooms, built in accordance with the plan prescribed by the Building Control Act, separating between male, female, and employee with disability, with regular cleaning to ensure the high level of hygiene
(3) For a company with more than 10 employees, the employer must provide sufficient medical kit ; in case of a company having more than 200 employees, the employer is required to provide a standard medical room with at least one standby certified nurse and a doctor who must be on site for at least two times a week and not less than 6 hours a week
In addition to above mentioned requirements, the employer of 50 employees or more is obliged to establish the welfare committee in the workplace. The welfare committee must consist of at least 5 representatives of the employees, elected in accordance with the rules and procedure as determined by the Director-General of the Department of the Labour Protection and Welfare. The existing employees’ committee in the workplace, as the case may be, shall act as the welfare committee of that workplace under this Act. Hence, the welfare committee of the workplace has the following powers and duties:
- To jointly consult with the employer in providing welfare for the employees;
- To give advice and recommendations to the employer in providing welfare for the employees;
- To inspect, control and supervise the welfare provided for the employees by the employer; to give recommendation and guideline in providing welfare for the employees to the Labour Welfare Committee established by virtue of Section 92 of the Labour Protection Act B.E. 2541.
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